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Kuna Native Mola Handmade Folk Art Authentic Vintage San Blas Panama Hand Stiched

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Los Kuna, Cuna o Guna.
son un pueblo amerindio localizado en Panamá y Colombia. Su idioma hace parte de la familia lingüísticachibcha. En lengua kuna, se autodenominan como dule (Se pronuncia Tule) que significa "persona". (Por ejemplo, andule 'yo,' we dule 'esa persona.')
(Según las convenciones lingüísticas de este pueblo indígena su nombre se debe escribir Gunadule en la grafía aprobada en 2010 por el Congreso General de la Nación Gunadule, aunque su pronunciación se mantiene como ha sido tradicionalmente: suena Kuna Tule según la fonética de la lengua española.1 )
Su civilización ha salido en los medios masivos en 2014 al ser uno de los primeros pueblos que podrían ver afectada da manera drástica su vida milenaria por el cambio climático.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The mola forms part of the traditional outfit of a Kuna woman, two mola panels being incorporated as front and back panels in a blouse. The full costume traditionally includes a patterned wrapped skirt (saburet), a red and yellow headscarf (musue), arm and leg beads (wini), a gold nose ring (olasu) and earrings in addition to the mola blouse (dulemor).[
In Dulegaya, the Kuna's native language, "mola" means "shirt" or "clothing". The mola originated with the tradition of Kuna women painting their bodies with geometrical designs, using available natural colors; in later years these same designs were woven in cotton, and later still, sewn using cloth bought from the European settlers of Panamá.
Development of the style
Molas have their origin in body painting. Only after colonization by the Spanish and contact with missionaries did the Kuna start to transfer their traditional geometric designs on fabric, first by painting directly on the fabric and later by using the technique of reverse application. It is not known for certain when this technique was first used. It is assumed that the oldest molas are between 150 and 170 years old.
As an inspiration for their designs, the Kuna first used the geometrical patterns which have been used for body painting before. In the past 50 years, they also started to depict realistic and abstract designs of flowers, sea animals, and birds.
Depending on the tradition of each island, Kuna women begin with the crafting of molas either after they reach puberty, some even at a much younger age. Women who prefer to dress in western style are in the minority as well as in the communities in Panama City.
Molas have such an importance for the Kuna and their traditional identity that they can be made responsible for the independent status of the Comarca San Blas. After the attempt of the Panamanian government to "westernize" the Kuna at the beginning of the 20th century by forbidding their customs, their language and their traditional dress, a huge wave of resistance arose. This resistance movement culminated in the Kuna revolution of 1925 where, after heavy battles, the Panamanian government had to make the concession of giving the Guna people the right to govern their own territory autonomously.
Construction
Molas are handmade using a reverse applique technique. Several layers (usually two to seven) of different-colored cloth (usually cotton) are sewn together; the design is then formed by cutting away parts of each layer. The edges of the layers are then turned under and sewn down. Often, the stitches are nearly invisible. This is achieved by using a thread the same color as the layer being sewn, sewing blind stitches, and sewing tiny stitches. The finest molas have extremely fine stitching, made using tiny needles.

The largest pattern is typically cut from the top layer, and progressively smaller patterns from each subsequent layer, thus revealing the colors beneath in successive layers. This basic scheme can be varied by cutting through multiple layers at once, hence varying the sequence of colors; some molas also incorporate patches of contrasting colors, included in the design at certain points to introduce additional variations of color.
Molas vary greatly in quality, and the pricing to buyers varies accordingly. A greater number of layers is generally a sign of higher quality; two-layer molas are common, but examples with four or more layers will demand a better price. The quality of stitching is also a factor, with the stitching on the best molas being close to invisible. Although some molas rely on embroidery to some degree to enhance the design, those which are made using only the pure reverse-applique technique (or nearly so) are considered better.
Molas will often be found for sale with signs of use, such as stitch marks around the edges; such imperfections indicate that the mola was made for use, and not simply for sale to tourists.[1] A mola can take from two weeks to six months to make, depending on the complexity of the design.
Molas in Kuna Culture
The traditional costume of a Kuna woman consists of patterned blue cotton wrapped skirt, red and yellow headscarf, arm and leg beads, gold nose rings and earrings, and the many-layered and finely sewn mola panel blouse.
The artistry of a mola reflects a synthesis of traditional Kuna culture with the influences of the modern world. Mola art developed when Kuna women had access to store-bought yard goods. Mola designs are often inspired by modern graphics such as political posters, labels, pictures from books and TV cartoons, as well as traditional themes from Kuna legends and culture.
Geometric molas are the most traditional, having developed from ancient body painting designs. Many hours of careful sewing are required to create a fine mola. The ability to make an outstanding mola is a source of status among Kuna women.
The quality of a mola is determined by such factors as
the number of layers
the fineness of the stitching
evenness and width of cutouts
addition of details such as zigzag borders, lattice-work or embroidery
the general artistic merit of the design and color combination.
When Kuna women tire of a particular blouse, they disassemble it and sell the molas to collectors.
Since mola panels have been worn as part of the traditional dress of a Kuna woman they often show signs of wear such as fading and stitch marks along the edges of the panels. These "imperfections" indicate that the mola is authentic and not made solely to be sold to tourists.
Molas are often sold in pairs, the pair consisting of the back and front panels of a blouse. The two molas are usually two variations on a theme. Matched molas complement each other and should be displayed or used together for the greatest impact.
Mola panels have many uses. They can be framed as art or made into pillows, placemats, or wall hangings. Some people even make them into bedspreads or incorporate them into quilting projects.
Molas are very sturdy and well sewn. Authentic molas have already been washed many times and can be safely hand washed in warm water.
Molas may be purchased in Panama or in Colombia.
The mola blouse is an important symbol of Kuna culture.

ONLINE STORE
We are not physical shops or outlets, our point of sale is online. If you want to buy our products all shipments are made to order, after confirmation of payment by credit card, debit card, or bank transfer national or international Paypal.

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If you have questions about how to contact us.
No physical stores or outlets, our point of sale is online. If you want to buy our products all shipments are made to order, after confirmation of payment by credit card, by Paypal.


If you want to buy wholesale products displayed on the online catalogs. Steps: "Request more information/quote"), indicating quantities by reference in which you are interested and fill the required data. For bulk purchases consider the minimum order quantity in the catalog-All prices are shown in US dollars. We will send all information in a quotation: price, shipping costs, and delivery time.
Remember you can also make your purchase wholesale online by paying with a credit card by PAYPAL .. Some products are not available for bulk purchases.
No printed catalogs are available, all product information is in the online catalog. To order only must make your request specifying amounts for each reference of your interest to buy online.

SHIPMENT:
International shipments are made by 4-72 (International Certified Mail / Express Mail Service). For exports exceeding the US $ 2,000 please request a quote. The cost of shipping depends on the country to which you need to send your order and the total weight or volume of products to send. Select the shipping method of your choice, you see the cost of shipping the products to buy and the total value of your order.
PAYMENT:

Any valid credit card (American Express, Visa, Mastercard, or Diners) in the world used to buy via Paypal.

The cost of shipping depends on the country to which you need to send your order and the total weight or volume of products to send. Select the shipping method of your choice, you see the cost of shipping the products to buy and the total value of your order.
TIME OFFICE
For retail purchases, order processing is usually 4-5 business days (not include Saturdays, Sundays or public holidays in Colombia) after confirmation of purchase if the products are in inventory for your order, if not, the turnaround time is 5-13 business days after payment confirmation. We reserve the right to change the time of dispatch, informing the buyer about this. The turnaround time varies depending on the products of the order and the immediate availability of these. When your purchase has been confirmed you will be sent the shipping time and tracking number.

For wholesale orders, shipping time may vary and depend on the availability of products ordered, time of manufacture, or other factors. The delivery Time while in the office must add the shipping time or transit. International shipping time/traffic. Or with -4/72 30 to 45 working days if the buyer selects Registered Mail International as a method of transportation. We will send the tracking number so you can be followed by visiting 4-72.
When the order reaches the destination country, this is subject to release customs procedures which can cause delays in the normal delivery time. Remember that it is possible that your country customs charge a tax, buyers pay expenses.
Deliveries in intermediate cities and small can take a few days of normal shipping time.
Possible delays in the receipt of goods can occur for various reasons:
No immediate availability of any product of your purchase order. Products must be sent from other cities to a collection center. Wrong delivery address. It may be that the carrier does not find the delivery address. It is the obligation of the customer or user making the purchase to record your shipping address accurately, current and complete. No deliveries are made on postal mailboxes, PO Box, or.
Delays in customs inspections. Customs of each country is an independent government agency; it is not often, but sometimes the customs offices delay inspections of products at its discretion.
Delivery in remote cities: For international shipments, if the town or city of residence is not a major city in your country or area in a secluded area, your order may take a few days of normal shipping time.
Once you have placed your order and payment is confirmed, you will receive an email confirming that your transaction has been approved. When dispatch of products is done you are sent another email indicating the guide number to track on the website of the carrier. At any shipment is assigned a tracking number. Shipments made by International Certified Mail are usually untraceable or may have outdated information on the website of the carrier; whether your shipments are fully traceable by the Internet in detail.
- Each consignment has transport insurance against loss or damaged merchandise.

WARRANTY FOR DEFECTS
- All handicrafts, jewelry, leather, textiles are guaranteed to manufacturing defects. Once the buyer receives the goods must verify any claim must be made in the period of 4 calendar days from the date of receipt and must submit detailed pictures of defective products; Once this is accomplished the application is assessed and money equivalent to defective merchandise is returned. We do not accept claims after the time spent in traveling.
You will be refunded for any defective product if the procedure described in this section is followed. We do not accept returns of products from outside of Colombia, if you return a product shipping costs must be paid by you, and no money-back guarantee.
If you have concerns about the product or service, do not hesitate to write.
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    Payment Policy

    JUNE 22 TO JULY 22 SPECIAL SALE CLEARANCE
    SALE MOST OF THE RECORDS $ 15.00 EAC +SHIPPING TO USA $ 13,00 TO EUROPE $ 17.00 NO COMBINED SHIPPING G ON SPECIAL SALE PROMOTION.


    Make your offer on any item, combined shipping offered in several items.
    Payment are due within 3 days of sale or auction close-, or the item may be removed from order and sold to someone else. I accept major credit cards through PAYPAL. I only ship to PAYPAL payments from verified buyer. No P.O. Box.The safest method of payment and no fees for you. All orders must be shipped to the credit card billing address. Do not pay before I send you Invoice!!!l Let me know if you would like insurance and I will add it to you. Please check before you buy any item to make sure is still in stock.Thanks- return broken/damaged/and so on the item must be insured.For more great deals on Lp-45-78-Cd-DvD please visit my store.
    I will combine shipping charges on multiple purchases.
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    Mailing -Shipping cost within USA USPS $ 4.00 USD

    ECONOMY SHIPPING TO USA FROM COLOMBIA BY CERTIFIED MAIL TRACKING NUMBER 4 TO 8 BUSINESS WEEKS.



    Colombian post is slow but safe. If the box does not arrive on time, please contact me before opening any case and I will be happy to contact the post office and investigate the tracking. Certified Parcel Service mail with tracking number-Economy shipping from outside Us- 40 to 60 business days. To track your shipment, you can access the web Post Office supplied.

    Shipping Policy

    JUNE 22 TO JULY 22 SPECIAL SALE CLEARANCE
    SALE MOST OF THE RECORDS $ 15.00 EAC +SHIPPING TO USA $ 13,00 TO EUROPE $ 17.00 NO COMBINED SHIPPING G ON SPECIAL SALE PROMOTION.

    Shipping is well packed and protected in a double protection cardboard mailer. A new inner plastic cover for every vinyl and a new plastic cover for every jacket. Each vinyl is marked with a serial number and quality control sticker by the seller. Insurance suggested in order to claim lost or damaged of the Lp.I ship using heavy-duty cardboard mailers / bubble mailers to ensure that your items arrive as safely as possible. I pack Lps with the records outside of the jacket to prevent seam splits.

    For international buyers:

    Please inquire before any payments are made. . International Buyer is responsible for any duties, taxes or broker's fees. Please ask all questions before placing any bid. I try to describe items the best I can, but you may have questions that I have overlooked. My descriptions are my opinions only. You are the sole judge of condition, etc. Please look closely at the photos and real all item descriptions and shipping information carefully before bidding or buying.. All sales are final. No refunds unless a critical error was made in the text.

    Mailing -Shipping cost within USA USPS $ 4.00 USD

    ECONOMY SHIPPING TO USA FROM COLOMBIA BY CERTIFIED MAIL TRACKING NUMBER 4 TO 8 BUSINESS WEEKS.




    Colombian post is slow but safe. If the box does not arrive on time, please contact me before opening a case and I will be happy to contact the post office and investigate the tracking . Certified Parcel Service mail with tracking number-Economy shipping from outside Us- 40 to 60 business days. To track your shipment, you can access the web Post Office supplied.

    Return/Exchange Policy

    RETURN:

    To return broken/damaged/and so on the item must be insured. Seller will not refund items that do not arrive. To claim Insurance the item must be returned with Certified Return Mail with return receipt and tracking number, and the quality control sticker must be intact and with on the LP. Please contact for a return authorization and the return shipping address in -Miami Florida.33182

    Return shipping and handling is the responsibility of the buyer., If you are not satisfied with your purchase you can return for exchange on the one you choose, or refund on your money , less shipping expenses on the return.

    Other Policies

    JUNE 22 TO JULY 22 SPECIAL SALE CLEARANCE
    SALE MOST OF THE RECORDS $ 15.00 EAC +SHIPPING TO USA $ 13,00 TO EUROPE $ 17.00 NO COMBINED SHIPPING G ON SPECIAL SALE PROMOTION.



    Read carefully the selling condition before placing an order. Please check before you buy any item to make sure is still in stock. Thanks
    Record is located in ,Florida Usa or in Colombia South America, and will be shipped by Certified Air Mail. After shipping is made I'll provide you the Tracking Number.

    Estimated Delivery time by International Parcels Delivery usually takes from 2 to 4 weeks.
    I want to inform that the LP is located in USA or Colombia SA, the shipping time to arrive to your destination is from 2 to 5 weeks, aprox. Shipped by Certified Mail, with Tracking number and Insured-meaning that you will get the LP-or the complete Refund. In the original description of the Item says the shipping procedure, but some times the buyers do not read. Please confirm if you accept my selling condition or the refund of your money. Please read the description details of the LP-LABEL-COVER-
    Thanks in advance, and hope to be your best supplier of LPS.
    Mailing -Shipping cost within USA USPS $ 4.00 USD

    ECONOMY SHIPPING TO USA FROM COLOMBIA BY CERTIFIED MAIL TRACKING NUMBER 4 TO 8 BUSINESS WEEKS.



    Colombian post is slow but safe. If the box does not arrive on time , please contact me before opening a case and I will be happy to contact the post office and investigate the tracking .Certified Parcel Service mail with tracking number-Economy shipping from outside Us- 40 to 60 business days. To track your shipment, you can access the web Post Office supplied.

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